5.3.7: 1910 - heden - Foreign trade


In the course of the twentieth century, the trade balance with other countries improved gradually. At the beginning of the century, there was a limited amount of export from the Netherlands. Whilst the imports continued to increase, the Netherlands managed to regain its position in international academic publishing, especially after the Second World War.

The import book trade had since the last quarter of the nineteenth century been in the hand of just a few specialist importers who were mainly specialists in a certain language area, for instance Feikema Caarelsen and Nilsson & Lamm for French and Italian and J.G. Robbers and Kirberger & Kesper for English. There was, however, also a division in the nature of the material, to the extent that one importer (N.V. Van Ditmar's Newspaper Import and Kiosk Company) traded almost all newspapers and magazines. The larger bookshops bought their books directly from foreign publishers. Dutch publishers saw importers as competition and they were not allowed to join the Koninklijke Nederlandse Uitgeversbond (Royal Netherlands Publishers' Union).

The international orientation of the Netherlands in the period between the wars also included the book trade. Popular fiction in particular was imported, which, in the twenties and thirties, led to the fear that these books, of a 'lesser literary quality' would be unfair competition for the Dutch book trade, which was already suffering as a result of overproduction.

After the Second World War, during which only books from Germany had been imported, the imports increased again. The annual book fairs (Frankfurter Buchmesse) and international trade fairs played an important part, with the trade in books increasingly making way for the trade in rights. Exhibitions of English books in particular were organised to stimulate export from the participating countries and to re-establish contacts with the rest of the world. English books, which had already been gaining an advantage over French and German books, flourished as never before. This was true for both fiction and academic books. Besides bookshops which exclusively sold English books (in the Randstad urban area), almost all bookshops in the Netherlands offered a considerable range of English books. In the early nineties, the importance of the export market (the Netherlands imported the largest number of English book per capita) led to a phenomenon called the 'early export paperback'. By publishing an early paperback edition of a new British or American novel in the Netherlands, foreign publishers tried to skim the market before the Dutch translation was published. At the end of the century, Nilsson & Lamm and Nijgh & Van Ditmar were the two largest importers.

With the exception of Flanders, there was no significant export market for Dutch books (as an overseas territory the Dutch East Indies did not count as an export market). There was one, however, for non-Dutch academic books. At the end of the nineteenth century, the international academic publishing business was showing signs of recovery, with companies such as Nijhoff, Brill and Sijthoff. In the twentieth century, especially after the Second World War, it grew strongly, with Elsevier, Mouton, North-Holland Publishing Company, Rodopi, etc. At the end of the century Reed Elsevier and Wolters Kluwer were among the top academic publishing companies in the world, but only a small percentage of their production took place in the Netherlands.

Besides academic publishing houses, international academic bookshops also flourished after the Second World War. As they were known for their international orientation, many foreign institutional customers bought from Dutch international bookshops; Houtschild, Nijhoff International, Erasmus, Nedbook and others were active all over the world.


author: A.H. van der Weel
 
 


Foreign trade



Elsevier - biographical data

Name: Elsevier
Name: Elsevier / N.D.U.
Name: Elsevier Nederland
Name: Reed Elsevier
Name: Elsevier Bedrijfsinformatie
Name: Winkler Prins
Name: Focus Elsevier
Name: Elsevier Books International
Name: Deltos Elsevier
Name: Elsevier Detailhandel
Name: Elsevier Manteau
Name: Edicom
Name: NDU
Name: Agon Elsevier
Name: Robbers, Herman
Name: Klautz, Johannes Pieter
Name: Brink, Rudolf Engelbert Maria van den
Name: Verleur, J. H.
Name: Tongeren, E van
Name: Vinken, Pierre J.
Name: Luykx, H. B. M.
Name: Appel, H. N.
Name: Haar, O. ter
Name: Merwe, D. P. van de
Name: Schouten, G. P. J.
Name: Kels, J. J. F.
Name: Vlek, P. C. F. M.
Name: Nelson, K. M.
Name: Bruggink, Herman J.
Name: Davis, C. H. L.
Name: Elsevier Science
address: Rotterdam
address: Amsterdam
Period: 1880-1886
Period: 1887-19..


Elsevier, Uitgeversmaatschappij - biographical data

Name: Elsevier, Uitgeversmaatschappij
Name: Directeur: Robbers, Jac. G.
address: Rotterdam
Period: 3 april 1880-1885


Feikema, Caarelsen & Co. - biographical data

Name: Feikema, Caarelsen & Co.
Name: Feikema & Co.
Name: Robbers, Jacobus George
Name: Robbers, Cornelis Henri
Name: Beijers, J. F.
address: Amsterdam
Period: 1889-1966
Period: ....-1963


Jac. G. Robbers - biographical data

Name: Jac. G. Robbers
address: Amsterdam
Period: 1895 - 1895
Period: geen


Jac.G. Robbers - biographical data

Name: Jac.G. Robbers
address: Rotterdam
Period: 1880 - 1885
Period: geen


Jacs. G. Robbers (dl. 1) - biographical data

Name: Jacs. G. Robbers (dl. 1)
address: Rotterdam
Period: 1886 - 1886
Period: geen


Jacs. G. Robbers (dl. 1 en 2) - biographical data

Name: Jacs. G. Robbers (dl. 1 en 2)
address: Rotterdam
Period: 1883 - 1883
Period: geen


Jacs. G. RobbersRobbers - biographical data

Name: Jacs. G. RobbersRobbers
address: Rotterdam
Period: 1884 - 1884
Period: geen


Jacs.G. Robbers - biographical data

Name: Jacs.G. Robbers
address: Rotterdam
Period: 1870 - 1885
Period: 187X


Krap & Van Duym Wed. - biographical data

Name: Krap & Van Duym
Name: Arbon & Krap
Name: Duym, J. van
Name: Krap, A. H.
Name: Robbers, Jac. G.
address: Rotterdam
Period: 1850-1881


Landkolonisator De - biographical data

Name: Landkolonisator, De
Name: Robbers, Hendrik Bastiaan
Name: Steen, Koenraad van der
address: Amsterdam
Period: 1917-....?


Robbers - biographical data

Name: Robbers
address: Rotterdam
Period: 1870 - 1900
Period: geen


Robbers - biographical data

Name: Robbers
Name: Robbers, M.
address: Elten
Period: 1950-1958


Robbers - biographical data

Name: Robbers
address: Amsterdam
Period: 1880 - 1945
Period: geen


Robbers & De Haas - biographical data

Name: Robbers & De Haas
Name: Haas jr., J. de
address: Rotterdam
Period: 1872-1873


Robbers & De Haas - biographical data

Name: Robbers & De Haas
Name: Robbers, Jac. G.
Name: Haas Jr, Jacob de
address: Rotterdam
Period: 1871-1874


Robbers & Van der Hoogen - biographical data

Name: Robbers & Van der Hoogen
address: Arnhem
Period: 1960 - 1960
Period: geen


Robbers en van den Hoogen - biographical data

Name: Robbers en van den Hoogen
address: Arnhem
Period: 1970 - 1970
Period: geen


Robbers Herman - biographical data

Name: Robbers, Herman
Name: Elsevier
Period: ....-1937


Robbers, Jac. G. - biographical data

Name: Robbers, Jac. G.
address: Rotterdam
Period: 1860-1885


Robbers Jac. G. - biographical data

Name: Robbers, Jac. G.
Name: Caarelsen & Co.
Name: Koller, Adr.
Name: Feikema & Co.
Name: Robbers, C. H.
Name: Robbers, H. J.
Name: Beyers, J. F.
address: Rotterdam
address: Amsterdam
Period: 1860-1887
Period: 1887-1966


Robbers Jacobus George - biographical data

Name: Robbers, Jacobus George
Name: Robbers, Jac. G.
Name: Caarelsen & Co.
Name: Elsevier
Period: 1838-1925


Robbers Jr J. G. - biographical data

Name: Robbers Jr, J. G.
Name: Elsevier
Period: 1872-1927


Robbersz, Koenraedt - biographical data

Name: Robbersz, Koenraedt
address: Rotterdam 1652


Robbersz, Koenraedt - biographical data

Name: Robbersz, Koenraedt
address: Rotterdam 1652


Roos van den Berg Jacques Mari - biographical data

Name: Roos van den Berg, Jacques Mari
Name: Robbers, Jac. G.
Name: Robbers & De Haas
Name: Dunk, J. H.
Name: Petri, Otto
Name: MĀller & Co.
Name: Gogh, C. M. van
Name: Roos van den Berg, J. M.
Period: 1855-1949


Van Egmond Rotterdam : Robbers - biographical data

Name: Van Egmond
Name: Rotterdam : Robbers
address: Arnhem
Period: 1859 - 1880
Period: geen


Images about Robbers*


Agatha, "Roodkapje", Amsterdam, 1893