5.3.7: 1910 - heden - Foreign trade


In the course of the twentieth century, the trade balance with other countries improved gradually. At the beginning of the century, there was a limited amount of export from the Netherlands. Whilst the imports continued to increase, the Netherlands managed to regain its position in international academic publishing, especially after the Second World War.

The import book trade had since the last quarter of the nineteenth century been in the hand of just a few specialist importers who were mainly specialists in a certain language area, for instance Feikema Caarelsen and Nilsson & Lamm for French and Italian and J.G. Robbers and Kirberger & Kesper for English. There was, however, also a division in the nature of the material, to the extent that one importer (N.V. Van Ditmar's Newspaper Import and Kiosk Company) traded almost all newspapers and magazines. The larger bookshops bought their books directly from foreign publishers. Dutch publishers saw importers as competition and they were not allowed to join the Koninklijke Nederlandse Uitgeversbond (Royal Netherlands Publishers' Union).

The international orientation of the Netherlands in the period between the wars also included the book trade. Popular fiction in particular was imported, which, in the twenties and thirties, led to the fear that these books, of a 'lesser literary quality' would be unfair competition for the Dutch book trade, which was already suffering as a result of overproduction.

After the Second World War, during which only books from Germany had been imported, the imports increased again. The annual book fairs (Frankfurter Buchmesse) and international trade fairs played an important part, with the trade in books increasingly making way for the trade in rights. Exhibitions of English books in particular were organised to stimulate export from the participating countries and to re-establish contacts with the rest of the world. English books, which had already been gaining an advantage over French and German books, flourished as never before. This was true for both fiction and academic books. Besides bookshops which exclusively sold English books (in the Randstad urban area), almost all bookshops in the Netherlands offered a considerable range of English books. In the early nineties, the importance of the export market (the Netherlands imported the largest number of English book per capita) led to a phenomenon called the 'early export paperback'. By publishing an early paperback edition of a new British or American novel in the Netherlands, foreign publishers tried to skim the market before the Dutch translation was published. At the end of the century, Nilsson & Lamm and Nijgh & Van Ditmar were the two largest importers.

With the exception of Flanders, there was no significant export market for Dutch books (as an overseas territory the Dutch East Indies did not count as an export market). There was one, however, for non-Dutch academic books. At the end of the nineteenth century, the international academic publishing business was showing signs of recovery, with companies such as Nijhoff, Brill and Sijthoff. In the twentieth century, especially after the Second World War, it grew strongly, with Elsevier, Mouton, North-Holland Publishing Company, Rodopi, etc. At the end of the century Reed Elsevier and Wolters Kluwer were among the top academic publishing companies in the world, but only a small percentage of their production took place in the Netherlands.

Besides academic publishing houses, international academic bookshops also flourished after the Second World War. As they were known for their international orientation, many foreign institutional customers bought from Dutch international bookshops; Houtschild, Nijhoff International, Erasmus, Nedbook and others were active all over the world.


author: A.H. van der Weel
 
 


Foreign trade



A.W. Sijthoff - biographical data

Name: A.W. Sijthoff
Name: A.W. Sijthoff's Uitg. Mij
Name: Sijthoff's Publishing Company
Name: Druck und Verlag von A.W. Sijthoff
Name: Sijthoff's Uitgevers-Mij.
Name: A.W. Sijthoff's Uitgevers-maatschappij
Name: Sijthoff
Name: A.W. Sythoff
Name: A.W. Sijthoff's Uitgeversmij.
Name: Sijthoff etc.
Name: A.W. Slijthoff's U.M.
Name: A.W. Sijthoffs
Name: Boekdrukkerij van A.W. Sythoff
Name: Société d'éditions A.W. Sijthoff
Name: Sijthoff
Name: A.W. Sijthoff's Uitgevers-maatschappij
Name: Boekdrukkerij A.W. Sythoff
Name: Société d'Éditions A.W. Sijthoff
Name: Albertus Willem Sijthoff
Name: Sijthoff
Name: A.W. Sijthof
Name: Sijthoff's Uitgeversmaatschappij
Name: Société d'Editions A.W. Sijthoff
Name: Sijthof
Name: Martinus Nijhoff (1898-1914)
Name: W. E. J. Tjeenk Willink (1973)
Name: E.J. Brill (1856)
Name: W. E. J. Tjeenk Willink (1973)
Name: Martinus Nijhoff (1872-1914)
Name: D. A. Thieme (1872-1878)
Name: Henri J. Stemberg (1880)
Name: Juridische Faculteit der Leidsche Studenten (1923)
Name: Nederlandsch Genootschap voor Internationale Zaken (1946)
Name: Rijks-Instituut voor Pharmacotherapeutisch Onderzoek (1921-1965)
Name: Haagsche afdeling van de Vereeniging voor Volkenbond en vrede (1924-1940)
Name: Faculty of Laws, Queen Mary College, University of London (1978)
address: Leiden
Period: 1816 - 1995
Period: 186X
Period: 187X
Period: 188X
Period: 189X
Period: 19XX
Period: 191X
Period: 197X
Period: 190X


Backhuys W. - biographical data

Name: Backhuys, W.
Name: Universal Book Services Dr. W. Backhuys
Name: Brill, E. J.
address: Rotterdam
Period: 1978-1981


Brill - biographical data

Name: Brill
Name: Universitaire Pers Leiden (1964-1990)
address: Leiden
Period: 1964 - 1990
Period: geen


Brill E. J. - biographical data

Name: Brill, E. J.
Name: Luchtmans, S. & J.
Name: Backhuys, W.
Name: Oosters Antiquarium, Het
Name: Brill, Evert Jan
Name: Oordt, Adriaan Pieter Marie van
Name: Stoppelaar, Frans de
Name: Peltenburg, Corneille
Name: Wieder, F. J.
Name: Edridge, T. A.
Name: Pruijt, F. H.
Name: Kasteleijn, R. J.
address: Leiden
Period: 1848-....
Period: 1860-1992


Brill, E.J. - biographical data

Name: Brill, E.J.
Name: Oordt, A.P.M. van [1872-1885] en F. de Stoppelaar [1873-1885]
address: Leiden
Period: 1850-1885


Brill, E.J. - biographical data

Name: Brill, E.J.
address: Leiden
Period: 1848 - 1851


Brill en Nijhoff - biographical data

Name: Brill en Nijhoff
address: Leiden
Period: 1865 - 1865
Period: geen


Brill Evert Jan - biographical data

Name: Brill, Evert Jan
Name: Brill, E. J.
Period: ....-1872


Brill, J. - biographical data

Name: Brill, J.
address: Leiden
Period: 1810 - 1848


Brill/Flora & Fauna Publications - biographical data

Name: Brill/Flora & Fauna Publications
address: Leiden
Period: 0 - 0
Period: 198X


Brill/Flora & Fauna Publications - biographical data

Name: Brill/Flora & Fauna Publications
address: New York
Period: 0 - 0
Period: 198X


Brillius, Cornelis - biographical data

Name: Brillius, Cornelis
address: Amsterdam 1672


Brill/Scandinavian Science Press - biographical data

Name: Brill/Scandinavian Science Press
address: Leiden
Period: 1985 - 1989
Period: geen


Brill/Universitaire Pers - biographical data

Name: Brill/Universitaire Pers
address: Leiden
Period: 1929 - 1990
Period: geen


E.J. Brill - biographical data

Name: E.J. Brill
address: Köln
Period: 1961 - 1997
Period: geen


E.J. Brill - biographical data

Name: E.J. Brill
Name: E.I. Brill
Name: v/h E.J. Brill
Name: Boekhandel en Drukkerij, voorheen Brill
Name: Buchhandlung und Druckerei vormals E.J. Brill
Name: Boekhandel en Drukkerij voorh. E.J. Brill
Name: Boekdrukkerij voorheen E.J. Brill
Name: N.V. Boekhandel en Drukkerij (voorheen Brill)
Name: Boekhandel en drukkerij voorheen E.J. Brill
Name: Boekhandel en Drukkerij v.h. Brill
Name: Brill
Name: vh. Brill
Name: Boekhandel en Drukkerij voorheen Brill
Name: vh. E.J. Brill
Name: E.J.B. Brilll
Name: Voorheen E.J.Brill
Name: J.E. Brill
Name: N.V. Boekhandel en Drukkerij voorheen E.J. Brill
Name: E. Brill
Name: Instituut Kern (1927)
Name: Universitaire Pers Leiden (1982-1993)
Name: Koninklijk Nederlandsch Aardrijkskundig Genootschap (1880)
Name: Dropsie University, Philadelphia (1950)
Name: Maissonneuve (Parijs) (1950)
Name: A. W. Sijthoff (1856)
Name: J. K. Steenhoff (1863)
Name: S. C. van Doesburgh (1887)
Name: Department of Slavic Languages and Literatures, Harvard University (1954)
Name: Sir Thomas Browne Institute (1982-1983)
Name: Universitaire Pers Leiden (1982-1983)
Name: Royal Asiatic Society (1979)
Name: Rijksherbarium (1986)
Name: Royal Asiatic Society (1979)
address: Leiden
Period: 1813 - 1999
Period: 18XX
Period: 19XX


E.J. Brill - biographical data

Name: E.J. Brill
address: Londen
Period: 1979 - 1979
Period: geen


E.J. Brill - biographical data

Name: E.J. Brill
address: New York
Period: 1987 - 1997
Period: geen


E.J. Brill - biographical data

Name: E.J. Brill
Name: Brill
address: [S.l.]
Period: 1915 - 1915
Period: geen


E.J. Brill - biographical data

Name: E.J. Brill
Name: Brill
Name: Boekhandel & drukkerij voorheen E. J. Brill
address: [S.l.]
Period: 1906 - 1910
Period: geen


E.J. Brill - biographical data

Name: E.J. Brill
Name: Brill
address: Utrecht
Period: 1884 - 1884
Period: geen


E.J. Brill - biographical data

Name: E.J. Brill
Name: Brill
address: Assen
Period: 1970 - 1970
Period: geen


J. C. van Schenk Brill - biographical data

Name: J. C. van Schenk Brill
Name: Van Schenk Brill
address: Velp
Period: 1928 - 1928
Period: geen


J. K. Steenhoff - biographical data

Name: J. K. Steenhoff
Name: Steenhoff
Name: E. J. Brill (1863)
address: Leiden
Period: 1863 - 1870
Period: geen


J.C. van Schenk Brill - biographical data

Name: J.C. van Schenk Brill
Name: Schenk Brill
Name: Van Schenk Brill
address: Doesburg
Period: 1870 - 1910
Period: 187X


Koninklijk Nederlandsch Aardrijkskundig Genootschap - biographical data

Name: Koninklijk Nederlandsch Aardrijkskundig Genootschap
Name: E. J. Brill (1880)
address: Leiden
Period: 1903 - 1903
Period: geen


Luchtmans S. & J. - biographical data

Name: Luchtmans, S. & J.
Name: Brill, E. J.
Name: Luchtmans, Jordaan
Name: Luchtmans, Samuel
Name: Luchtmans, Johannes
Name: Brill, Johannes
Name: Bodel Nijhuis, Johannes Tiberius
address: Leiden
Period: 1683-1848


Oosters Antiquarium Het - biographical data

Name: Oosters Antiquarium, Het
Name: Smitskamp Oriental Antiquarium
Name: Brill, E. J.
address: Leiden
Period: 1992-2...


Peltenburg Pzn Corneille - biographical data

Name: Peltenburg Pzn, Corneille
Name: Brill, E. J.
Period: 1852-1934


Pruijt Frans H. - biographical data

Name: Pruijt, Frans H.
Name: Brill, E. J.
Period: 1945-1993


Rijksherbarium - biographical data

Name: Rijksherbarium
Name: E. J. Brill (1986)
Name: Flora Maleisiana Foundation (1988)
address: Leiden
Period: 1934 - 1998
Period: geen


S. C. Van Doesburgh - biographical data

Name: S. C. Van Doesburgh
Name: van Doesburgh
Name: E. J. Brill (1887)
address: Leiden
Period: 1860 - 1988
Period: geen


Schenk Brill, J. C. van - biographical data

Name: Schenk Brill, J. C. van
address: Doesburg
Period: 1861-1885


Schenk Brill J. C. van - biographical data

Name: Schenk Brill, J. C. van
Name: Schenk Brill, Jacobus Cornelis van
address: Doesburg
Period: 1861-19..?


Sir Thomas Browne Institute - biographical data

Name: Sir Thomas Browne Institute
Name: Universitaire Pers Leiden (1975-1983)
Name: E. J. Brill (1982-1983)
Name: Universiteitsbibliotheek Leiden (1985)
address: Leiden
Period: 1983 - 1983
Period: geen


Stoppelaar Frans de - biographical data

Name: Stoppelaar, Frans de
Name: Brill, E. J.
Period: 1841-1906


Universitaire Pers [vervolgens] Brill] - biographical data

Name: Universitaire Pers
Name: [vervolgens] Brill]
address: Leiden
Period: 1954 - 1954
Period: geen


Universitaire Pers Leiden - biographical data

Name: Universitaire Pers Leiden
Name: Universitaire Pers Leiden
Name: Leiden University Press
Name: University Press
Name: Leiden Universitaire Pers
Name: University Press
Name: Leiden University Press
Name: Univ. Pers Leiden
Name: LUP
Name: Martinus Nijhoff (1985)
Name: Universiteitsbibliotheek Leiden (1987)
Name: Sir Thomas Browne Institute (1975-1983)
Name: Afrika-studiecentrum (1957)
Name: Sir Thomas Browne Institute (1975)
Name: Brill (1964-1993)
address: Leiden
Period: 1946 - 1999
Period: geen


Vliegende Hollander De - biographical data

Name: Vliegende Hollander, De
Name: Gerlings, H.
Name: Brillenburg Wurth, A. C.
address: Utrecht
Period: 1944-....?


Images about Brill*


Printing house of 'N.V. Boekhandel en Drukkerij, formerly E.J. Brill' in Leiden, 1986