2.3.7: 1585 - 1725 - Foreign trade


Among the many Protestant refugees who, in the last quarter of the sixteenth century, moved from the Southern Netherlands to the Northern Netherlands were many printers and booksellers. Their arrival contributed to the flourishing of the book trade in the Republic and certainly also to foreign trade. Among them must certainly be mentioned Christopher Plantin and Louis Elzevier who came from Antwerp to Leiden and laid the basis for the internationally orientated scholarly publishing houses in the university towns. Cornelis Claesz, originally from Brabant, worked in Amsterdam around 1600 and also focused on the foreign trade with publications such as nautical books, atlases and travelogues.

Dutch books had a good reputation in Europe. They were well printed, on good quality paper. Publishers could for editing and corrections rely on the scholars and men of letters who spoke the various languages of the publications. It was of major importance that the supply of publications was large and varied. The relatively large freedom of the press made it possible that books and pamphlets that could not appear elsewhere, were brought on the market by Dutch publishers. Certain categories of printed matter were transported abroad in large numbers, in particular religious works, for instance English Bibles which were shipped to England. There was great interest in Eastern Europe in Jewish religious texts printed in Amsterdam; Catholic missals, which appeared partly with fake Cologne or Antwerp imprints, found their way to the Catholic countries. Another successful export product were the editions of classical authors, especially the 'variorum' editions with extensive notes as provided by the preceptor of the Rotterdam grammar school, Johannes Minellius.

Books from the Republic were distributed across Europe in bales and barrels. Gregorio Leti wrote in his Kort begrip der helden-deugden (The Hague, 1700) that, just as Holland had provided the whole world with its wares from the East Indies, it could truthfully be said `dat zy alleen gansch Europa, met het werk der drukkerijen, en boekhandel heeft bestraalt en verrijkt' (that only they have irradiated and enriched all of Europe with the work of printers and booksellers). Dutch booksellers also acted as intermediaries for the trade in books between northern and southern Europe and between England and the Continent, evidence of which can be found in the rich stock catalogues of large, international book trading firms such as Blaeu, Elzevier, Janssonius, Leers, and Van der Aa. In the first half of the seventeenth century, Adriaen Vlacq, a native of Gouda, played a major role in the international book trade. He worked both in London (1633-1642) and in Paris (1642-1648) but in both cities he ran, as he put it in an interesting autobiographical account, into trouble with the established booksellers, forcing him to flee, finally establishing himself in The Hague.

The Frankfurt Book Fair had long been very important in the international book trade. The major Dutch booksellers often undertook the journey to Frankfurt twice a year, also looking after the interests of their colleagues. The presence of the Hollanders and their new editions can be seen from the Messe catalogues. From the end of the seventeenth century the Leipzig Book Fair grew in importance at the expense of that of Frankfurt, although the booksellers from the Republic continued to travel to Frankfurt during the first half of the eighteenth century.

Contact with colleagues in the book trade abroad was maintained through intensive correspondence, although of the many thousands of letters sent, few have survived. The larger publishers also maintained their international contacts through business journeys. Some even had branches and warehouses abroad.


author: O.S. Lankhorst
 
 


Foreign trade



Asman-Janssonius - biographical data

Name: Asman-Janssonius
address: Hilversum
Period: 1982 - 1988
Period: geen


Blaeu, Willem Jansz - biographical data

Name: Blaeu, Willem Jansz
Name: W.J. Blaeuw, W.J. Blauw, Gulielmus Blaeu, G.J. Blaeuw, G.J. Caesius, W. Jansz, G. Janssonius, W. Janssonius
address: Amsterdam 1608-1639


Blaeu, Willem Jansz - biographical data

Name: Blaeu, Willem Jansz
Name: Blaeu, Guilielmus Blaeuw, G.J Blaeuw, W.J. Blauw, Willem Jansz Caesius, Guilielmus Jansz Caesius, Guiljelmus Janson, Willem Jansonius, Willem Janssonius, Guilielmus Janssonius, Willem Jansz, Willem
address: Amsterdam 1608-1639


Fries, Jan Jansen de - biographical data

Name: Fries, Jan Jansen de
Name: J. Janssonius, J.J. Frisius
address: Leeuwarden 1633-1648


Janssonius, erven Johannes - biographical data

Name: Janssonius, erven Johannes
address: Amsterdam 1664-1675


Janssonius, Jodocus - biographical data

Name: Janssonius, Jodocus
Name: Joost Jansz
address: Amsterdam 1642-1655


Janssonius, Jodocus - biographical data

Name: Janssonius, Jodocus
Name: Jansonius, Jodocus Jansz, Joost
address: Amsterdam 1642-1655


Janssonius, Johannes - biographical data

Name: Janssonius, Johannes
Name: J. Jansz, J. Johnson, Giovanni Janssonio, J. Jeansson, J. van Aernhem, J. Arnhemensis, officina Janssoniana
address: Amsterdam 1613-1664
address: Stockholm 1649, 1656
address: Upsala 1654


Janssonius, Johannes - biographical data

Name: Janssonius, Johannes
Name: Aernhem, Johannes van Jansen, Johannes Jansonius, Johannes Janssen, Jan Janssonio, Giovanni Janssoon, Johannes Jansz, Johannes Jeansson, Johannes
address: Amsterdam 1613-1664


Janssonius junior, Johannes - biographical data

Name: Janssonius junior, Johannes
Name: J. Janzonius
address: Amsterdam 1651-1660


Janssonius van Waesberge, Gillis - biographical data

Name: Janssonius van Waesberge, Gillis
Name: G. Jansson von Waesberge, Egidio Janssonio à Waesberge, Aegidius Jasonius Waesbergae, Waesbergen, Waasberge
address: Amsterdam 1675-1706
address: Amsterdam en Dantzig 1687-1705
address: Dantzig 1676-1698


Janssonius van Waesberge, Gillis - biographical data

Name: Janssonius van Waesberge, Gillis
Name: Jansonien van Waasberge, de Jansonio `a Waesberge, Egidio Jansonio-Waesbergii Jansson von Waesberge, Gillis Janssonio-Waesbergiana, officina Janssonius van Waesberge, J. (erven) Jasonius Waesbergae, Aegidius Waasberge Waesbergen
address: Amsterdam 1675-1705


Janssonius van Waesberge, Hendrik - biographical data

Name: Janssonius van Waesberge, Hendrik
address: Amsterdam 1709-1749


Janssonius van Waesberge, Johannes, I - biographical data

Name: Janssonius van Waesberge, Johannes, I
Name: J. van Waesberge (tot 1664), J. Janssonius (1669), J. Janssonius van Waasberge
address: Utrecht 1642-1660
address: Breda 1646-1651
address: Amsterdam 1660-1680


Janssonius van Waesberge, Johannes (I) - biographical data

Name: Janssonius van Waesberge, Johannes (I)
Name: Waasbergen, Johannes van Waesberge, Joannes `a Waesberge, Johannes à Waesbergius, Joannes Waesbergue, Jean
address: Utrecht 1642-1660


Janssonius van Waesberge, Johannes (I) - biographical data

Name: Janssonius van Waesberge, Johannes (I)
Name: Jansonius, Johannes Waasberge, J.J. van Waesberg, Johannes Waesberge, J. à Waesberge, J.J. Waesberge, Johannes van
address: Amsterdam 1660-1680


Janssonius van Waesberge, Johannes (I) - biographical data

Name: Janssonius van Waesberge, Johannes (I)
Name: Jansonius, Johannes Janszonius à Waesberge, Johannes Waasberge, J.J. à Waesberge, J. Waesberge, J.J. à Waesberge, J. van Waesbergen, Johannes Jansz. van
address: Breda 1647-1651


Janssonius van Waesberge, Johannes, II - biographical data

Name: Janssonius van Waesberge, Johannes, II
Name: Giovanni Janssonio à Waesberge
address: Amsterdam 1675-1706
address: Amsterdam en Dantzig 1687-1705
address: Dantzig 1676, 1692


Janssonius van Waesberge, Johannes (II) - biographical data

Name: Janssonius van Waesberge, Johannes (II)
Name: Jansonien van Waasberge, de Jansonio a Waesberge, Giovanni Jansonio-Waesbergii Janssonio-Waesbergiana, officina Janssonius van Waesberge en soonen, Johannes (wed.) Janssonius van Waesberge, J. (erven) Janssoons van Waesberge, de Waasberge Waesbergen
address: Amsterdam 1675-1705


Janssonius van Waesberge, Johannes, III - biographical data

Name: Janssonius van Waesberge, Johannes, III
address: Amsterdam 1709-1727


Janssonius van Waesberge, Maria - biographical data

Name: Janssonius van Waesberge, Maria
address: Amsterdam 1709-1747


Janssonius van Waesberge, wed. Johannes, II - biographical data

Name: Janssonius van Waesberge, wed. Johannes, II
address: Amsterdam 1708-1727


Janssonius, wed. en erven Jodocus - biographical data

Name: Janssonius, wed. en erven Jodocus
address: Amsterdam 1655-1656


Jansz, Jan - biographical data

Name: Jansz, Jan
Name: J. Janssonius, J. Joannides, J. Jeansz
address: Arnhem 1597-1630


Jansz, Jan - biographical data

Name: Jansz, Jan
Name: Jansen, Jan Jansonius, Jan Janssen, Jan Janssonius, Jan Janszoon, Jan Janzonius, Jan Jeansz, Jean Joannis, Jan
address: Arnhem 1597-1629


Valckenier, Gillis Jansz - biographical data

Name: Valckenier, Gillis Jansz
Name: Jansz, Gillis Valckenier, Aegidius Janssonius Valkenier, Aegidius Jansz
address: Amsterdam 1655-1664


Zwol, Cornelis Jansz - biographical data

Name: Zwol, Cornelis Jansz
Name: Janssonius, Cornelis Jansz, Cornelis Joannis, Cornelius Swoll, Cornelis Jansz Zwoll, Cornelis Jansz
address: Amsterdam 1642-1675