2.3.7: 1585 - 1725 - Foreign trade


Among the many Protestant refugees who, in the last quarter of the sixteenth century, moved from the Southern Netherlands to the Northern Netherlands were many printers and booksellers. Their arrival contributed to the flourishing of the book trade in the Republic and certainly also to foreign trade. Among them must certainly be mentioned Christopher Plantin and Louis Elzevier who came from Antwerp to Leiden and laid the basis for the internationally orientated scholarly publishing houses in the university towns. Cornelis Claesz, originally from Brabant, worked in Amsterdam around 1600 and also focused on the foreign trade with publications such as nautical books, atlases and travelogues.

Dutch books had a good reputation in Europe. They were well printed, on good quality paper. Publishers could for editing and corrections rely on the scholars and men of letters who spoke the various languages of the publications. It was of major importance that the supply of publications was large and varied. The relatively large freedom of the press made it possible that books and pamphlets that could not appear elsewhere, were brought on the market by Dutch publishers. Certain categories of printed matter were transported abroad in large numbers, in particular religious works, for instance English Bibles which were shipped to England. There was great interest in Eastern Europe in Jewish religious texts printed in Amsterdam; Catholic missals, which appeared partly with fake Cologne or Antwerp imprints, found their way to the Catholic countries. Another successful export product were the editions of classical authors, especially the 'variorum' editions with extensive notes as provided by the preceptor of the Rotterdam grammar school, Johannes Minellius.

Books from the Republic were distributed across Europe in bales and barrels. Gregorio Leti wrote in his Kort begrip der helden-deugden (The Hague, 1700) that, just as Holland had provided the whole world with its wares from the East Indies, it could truthfully be said `dat zy alleen gansch Europa, met het werk der drukkerijen, en boekhandel heeft bestraalt en verrijkt' (that only they have irradiated and enriched all of Europe with the work of printers and booksellers). Dutch booksellers also acted as intermediaries for the trade in books between northern and southern Europe and between England and the Continent, evidence of which can be found in the rich stock catalogues of large, international book trading firms such as Blaeu, Elzevier, Janssonius, Leers, and Van der Aa. In the first half of the seventeenth century, Adriaen Vlacq, a native of Gouda, played a major role in the international book trade. He worked both in London (1633-1642) and in Paris (1642-1648) but in both cities he ran, as he put it in an interesting autobiographical account, into trouble with the established booksellers, forcing him to flee, finally establishing himself in The Hague.

The Frankfurt Book Fair had long been very important in the international book trade. The major Dutch booksellers often undertook the journey to Frankfurt twice a year, also looking after the interests of their colleagues. The presence of the Hollanders and their new editions can be seen from the Messe catalogues. From the end of the seventeenth century the Leipzig Book Fair grew in importance at the expense of that of Frankfurt, although the booksellers from the Republic continued to travel to Frankfurt during the first half of the eighteenth century.

Contact with colleagues in the book trade abroad was maintained through intensive correspondence, although of the many thousands of letters sent, few have survived. The larger publishers also maintained their international contacts through business journeys. Some even had branches and warehouses abroad.


author: O.S. Lankhorst
 
 


Foreign trade



Antiquariaat Blaeu - biographical data

Name: Antiquariaat Blaeu
address: Leiden
Period: 1983 - 1984
Period: geen


Blaeu - biographical data

Name: Blaeu
Name: Burgersdijk & Niermans
address: Leiden
Period: 1986-....


Blaeu : Studio Henk de Bruin - biographical data

Name: Blaeu : Studio Henk de Bruin
address: Leiden
Period: 1985 - 1985
Period: geen


Blaeu, Cornelis - biographical data

Name: Blaeu, Cornelis
Name: C. Caesius
address: Amsterdam 1635-1648


Blaeu, Cornelis - biographical data

Name: Blaeu, Cornelis
address: Amsterdam 1638-1644


Blaeu, Franciscus - biographical data

Name: Blaeu, Franciscus
Name: F. Caesius
address: Amsterdam 1648


Blaeu Joan Vereniging - biographical data

Name: Blaeu, Joan
address: Amsterdam
Period: 1918 fl.


Blaeu, Joan, I - biographical data

Name: Blaeu, Joan, I
Name: Giovanni Blaeu, J. Blavius
address: Amsterdam 1630-1673
address: Wenen 1661-1673


Blaeu, Joan (I) - biographical data

Name: Blaeu, Joan (I)
Name: Blaeu, Giovanni Blaeuw, Joannes Blavius, Joan
address: Amsterdam 1632-1673


Blaeu, Joan, II - biographical data

Name: Blaeu, Joan, II
address: Amsterdam 1679-1703


Blaeu, Pieter - biographical data

Name: Blaeu, Pieter
address: Amsterdam 1679-1703


Blaeu, Willem - biographical data

Name: Blaeu, Willem
Name: Gulielmus Blaeu
address: Amsterdam 1679-1686


Blaeu, Willem Jansz - biographical data

Name: Blaeu, Willem Jansz
Name: W.J. Blaeuw, W.J. Blauw, Gulielmus Blaeu, G.J. Blaeuw, G.J. Caesius, W. Jansz, G. Janssonius, W. Janssonius
address: Amsterdam 1608-1639


Blaeu, Willem Jansz - biographical data

Name: Blaeu, Willem Jansz
Name: Blaeu, Guilielmus Blaeuw, G.J Blaeuw, W.J. Blauw, Willem Jansz Caesius, Guilielmus Jansz Caesius, Guiljelmus Janson, Willem Jansonius, Willem Janssonius, Guilielmus Janssonius, Willem Jansz, Willem
address: Amsterdam 1608-1639


Blaeu, Willem Wiggersz - biographical data

Name: Blaeu, Willem Wiggersz
address: Enkhuizen 1619


Blaeu, Willem Wiggersz - biographical data

Name: Blaeu, Willem Wiggersz
address: Enkhuizen 1619


Blaeu-laken, Cornelis Willemsz - biographical data

Name: Blaeu-laken, Cornelis Willemsz
Name: C.W. Blaulaken, C.W. Blaeuwlaken, C.W. Blauw-laken, C.W. Blau-laecken
address: Amsterdam 1622-1647


Blaeu-laken, Cornelis Willemsz - biographical data

Name: Blaeu-laken, Cornelis Willemsz
Name: Blaeulaken, C.W. Blaeuw-laken, C.W. Blaeuwlaken, C.W. Blau-laecken, C.W. Blaulaken, C.W. Blauw-laken, C.W.
address: Amsterdam 1622-1644


Blaeuwe Werelt De - biographical data

Name: Blaeuwe Werelt, De
Name: Hooft, A. van
Name: Tierie's Drukkerij en Binderij
address: Den Bosch
address: Hilversum
Period: 1906-1910
Period: 1910-....?


Blaviana, typographia - biographical data

Name: Blaviana, typographia
Name: Blavii, erven Joan (I) Blaeu
address: Amsterdam 1682-1703


Bruin A. W. de - biographical data

Name: Bruin, A. W. de
Name: Blaeu
Name: Burgersdijk & Niermans


De blaeuwe Werelt - biographical data

Name: De blaeuwe Werelt
address: Hilversum
Period: 1903 - 1903
Period: geen


''De Blaeuwe Werelt'' - biographical data

Name: ''De Blaeuwe Werelt''
address: Amsterdam
Period: 1945 - 1945
Period: geen


Gallery de Blaeue Acolye - biographical data

Name: Gallery de Blaeue Acolye
address: Vlissingen
Period: 1992 - 1992
Period: geen


Steenkamp A. D. - biographical data

Name: Steenkamp, A. D.
Name: Blaeu
Name: Burgersdijk & Niermans


Tierie's Drukkerij en Binderij - biographical data

Name: Tierie's Drukkerij en Binderij
Name: Blaeuwe Werelt, De
address: Den Bosch
Period: 1906-1910


Vereeniging Joan Blaeu - biographical data

Name: Vereeniging Joan Blaeu
address: Amsterdam
Period: 1919 - 1919
Period: geen


Vereeniging Joan Blaeu - biographical data

Name: Vereeniging Joan Blaeu
address: Den Haag
Period: 1919 - 1929
Period: geen


Vereeniging Johan Blaeu - biographical data

Name: Vereeniging Johan Blaeu
address: Den Haag
Period: 1920 - 1920
Period: geen


Images about Blaeu*


Abraham Casteleyn (c. 1628-1681) and his wife Margarieta van Bancken (-1692/93)