2.3.7: 1585 - 1725 - Foreign trade


Among the many Protestant refugees who, in the last quarter of the sixteenth century, moved from the Southern Netherlands to the Northern Netherlands were many printers and booksellers. Their arrival contributed to the flourishing of the book trade in the Republic and certainly also to foreign trade. Among them must certainly be mentioned Christopher Plantin and Louis Elzevier who came from Antwerp to Leiden and laid the basis for the internationally orientated scholarly publishing houses in the university towns. Cornelis Claesz, originally from Brabant, worked in Amsterdam around 1600 and also focused on the foreign trade with publications such as nautical books, atlases and travelogues.

Dutch books had a good reputation in Europe. They were well printed, on good quality paper. Publishers could for editing and corrections rely on the scholars and men of letters who spoke the various languages of the publications. It was of major importance that the supply of publications was large and varied. The relatively large freedom of the press made it possible that books and pamphlets that could not appear elsewhere, were brought on the market by Dutch publishers. Certain categories of printed matter were transported abroad in large numbers, in particular religious works, for instance English Bibles which were shipped to England. There was great interest in Eastern Europe in Jewish religious texts printed in Amsterdam; Catholic missals, which appeared partly with fake Cologne or Antwerp imprints, found their way to the Catholic countries. Another successful export product were the editions of classical authors, especially the 'variorum' editions with extensive notes as provided by the preceptor of the Rotterdam grammar school, Johannes Minellius.

Books from the Republic were distributed across Europe in bales and barrels. Gregorio Leti wrote in his Kort begrip der helden-deugden (The Hague, 1700) that, just as Holland had provided the whole world with its wares from the East Indies, it could truthfully be said `dat zy alleen gansch Europa, met het werk der drukkerijen, en boekhandel heeft bestraalt en verrijkt' (that only they have irradiated and enriched all of Europe with the work of printers and booksellers). Dutch booksellers also acted as intermediaries for the trade in books between northern and southern Europe and between England and the Continent, evidence of which can be found in the rich stock catalogues of large, international book trading firms such as Blaeu, Elzevier, Janssonius, Leers, and Van der Aa. In the first half of the seventeenth century, Adriaen Vlacq, a native of Gouda, played a major role in the international book trade. He worked both in London (1633-1642) and in Paris (1642-1648) but in both cities he ran, as he put it in an interesting autobiographical account, into trouble with the established booksellers, forcing him to flee, finally establishing himself in The Hague.

The Frankfurt Book Fair had long been very important in the international book trade. The major Dutch booksellers often undertook the journey to Frankfurt twice a year, also looking after the interests of their colleagues. The presence of the Hollanders and their new editions can be seen from the Messe catalogues. From the end of the seventeenth century the Leipzig Book Fair grew in importance at the expense of that of Frankfurt, although the booksellers from the Republic continued to travel to Frankfurt during the first half of the eighteenth century.

Contact with colleagues in the book trade abroad was maintained through intensive correspondence, although of the many thousands of letters sent, few have survived. The larger publishers also maintained their international contacts through business journeys. Some even had branches and warehouses abroad.


author: O.S. Lankhorst
 
 


Foreign trade



Aa - biographical data

Name: Aa
address: Raalte
Period: 1992 - 1992
Period: geen


AA - biographical data

Name: AA
address: [S.l.]
Period: 1998 - 1998
Period: geen


Aa & Bassets Ter - biographical data

Name: Aa & Bassets, Ter
Name: Zijlsta, J. J.
address: Groningen
Period: 1974 fl.


Aa, Boudewijn Janssoon van der, II - biographical data

Name: Aa, Boudewijn Janssoon van der, II
address: Leiden 1719-1747


Aa, Boudewijn van der, I - biographical data

Name: Aa, Boudewijn van der, I
address: Leiden 1695-1705


Aa, Boudewijn van der (I) - biographical data

Name: Aa, Boudewijn van der (I)
address: Leiden 1695-1700


Aa, C. van der - biographical data

Name: Aa, C. van der
address: Utrecht
Period: 1801 - 1803


Aa, Cornelis van der - biographical data

Name: Aa, Cornelis van der
address: Haarlem 1779-1799
address: Utrecht 1800-18..


Aa, Cornelis van der - biographical data

Name: Aa, Cornelis van der
address: Amsterdam
Period: 1769 - 1816


Aa, Hillebrand van der - biographical data

Name: Aa, Hillebrand van der
address: Leiden 1697


Aa, Pierre van der - biographical data

Name: Aa, Pierre van der
address: 's-Gravenhage 1755


Aa, Pieter Janssoon van der, II - biographical data

Name: Aa, Pieter Janssoon van der, II
address: Leiden 1720-1748


Aa, Pieter van der, I - biographical data

Name: Aa, Pieter van der, I
address: Leiden 1682-1730


Aa, Pieter van der (I) - biographical data

Name: Aa, Pieter van der (I)
Name: Aa, Petrus van der
address: Leiden 1682-1729


Aa, van der - biographical data

Name: Aa, van der
address: Amsterdam 1702


Aa, van der - biographical data

Name: Aa, van der
address: Utrecht 1744


AAA - biographical data

Name: AAA
address: Amsterdam
Period: 1992 - 1992
Period: geen


AAAC Centre - biographical data

Name: AAAC Centre
address: Amsterdam
Period: 0 - 0
Period: 19XX


AAARGH, produkties enzo... - biographical data

Name: AAARGH, produkties enzo...
Name: Aaargh
address: Houten
Period: 1990 - 1997
Period: geen


AAARGH, produkties enzo... - biographical data

Name: AAARGH, produkties enzo...
address: Alphen aan den Rijn
Period: 1986 - 1989
Period: geen


AABA-media - biographical data

Name: AABA-media
address: Haarlem
Period: 1997 - 1997
Period: geen


Aackosoft - biographical data

Name: Aackosoft
Name: Aackosoft Software
address: Leiden
Period: 1983 - 1985
Period: geen


Aadé - biographical data

Name: Aadé
Name: Aade
address: Oss
Period: 1976 - 1983
Period: geen


AAF : AOF - biographical data

Name: AAF : AOF
address: Zoetermeer
Period: 1979 - 1979
Period: geen


Aafje van Gestel-Visser - biographical data

Name: Aafje van Gestel-Visser
address: Utrecht
Period: 1992 - 1992
Period: geen


AAG - biographical data

Name: AAG
address: Groningen
Period: 1984 - 1986
Period: geen


Aak, Hendrik van den - biographical data

Name: Aak, Hendrik van den
address: Rotterdam 1714-1733


Aak Hendriks-z, Pieter van den - biographical data

Name: Aak Hendriks-z, Pieter van den
address: Rotterdam 1757-1770


Aak, wed. Hendrik van den - biographical data

Name: Aak, wed. Hendrik van den
address: Rotterdam 1736-1767


Aakster - biographical data

Name: Aakster
address: Dwingeloo
Period: 1982 - 1982
Period: geen


Aalbers - biographical data

Name: Aalbers
address: Megen
Period: 1895 - 1895
Period: geen


Aalbers Gebr. - biographical data

Name: Aalbers
Name: Cranendoncq & Zn, A.
Name: Mulder, A.
Name: Aalbers, Gerrit Jan
Name: Aalbers, Willem Barend
address: Nijmegen
Period: ....-1905


Aalbers - biographical data

Name: Aalbers
address: Doesburg
Period: 1962 - 1987
Period: geen


Aalbersberg H. - biographical data

Name: Aalbersberg, H.
Name: Aelbertsberg
Period: 1890-1956


Aalbregt & Van Beukering - biographical data

Name: Aalbregt & Van Beukering
Name: Aalbregt & Van Beukering Travel Research and Services
address: Harderwijk
Period: 1989 - 1991
Period: geen


Aalderink - biographical data

Name: Aalderink
address: Utrecht
address: IJsselstein
Period: 1944 - 1945
Period: geen


Aalderink, H.B. - biographical data

Name: Aalderink, H.B.
address: Vrieseveen/ Friezenveen
Period: oktober 1882-1885


Aalders - biographical data

Name: Aalders
address: Nijmegen
Period: 0 - 0
Period: 19XX


Aalders - biographical data

Name: Aalders
address: Rosmalen
Period: 1984 - 1984
Period: geen


Aalders - biographical data

Name: Aalders
address: Amsterdam
Period: 1989 - 1996
Period: geen


Aalders & Knuttel - biographical data

Name: Aalders & Knuttel
address: Amsterdam
Period: 1986 - 1992
Period: geen


Aalders, J.J. - biographical data

Name: Aalders, J.J.
address: Amsterdam
Period: 1852-1854


Aalen, P. van - biographical data

Name: Aalen, P. van
address: Delft
Period: 1812 - 1812


Aalpoel & Schouten - biographical data

Name: Aalpoel & Schouten
Name: Aalpoel, J.
Name: Schouten, H.
address: Deventer
Period: 1991-....?


Aalscholvers - biographical data

Name: Aalscholvers
Name: Blommaert, A. I. M.
address: Tilburg
Period: 2000-....


Aalst, Olivier van - biographical data

Name: Aalst, Olivier van
address: Amsterdam 1742


Aaltsz, Allard - biographical data

Name: Aaltsz, Allard
Name: A. Aaltsen
address: Amsterdam 1697-1707


Aaltsz, Allard - biographical data

Name: Aaltsz, Allard
address: Amsterdam 1699


Aaltsz, Jan - biographical data

Name: Aaltsz, Jan
address: Amsterdam 1691-1694


Aaltsz, Jan - biographical data

Name: Aaltsz, Jan
address: Amsterdam 1691-1694


Aan Dijk En Sloot - biographical data

Name: Aan Dijk En Sloot
address: Amsterdam
Period: 1992 - 1994
Period: geen


Aan Zee - biographical data

Name: Aan Zee
address: Noordwijk
Period: 1997 - 1998
Period: geen


Aanbestedings Courant - biographical data

Name: Aanbestedings Courant
address: Haarlem
Period: 1908 fl.


Aannemersbedrijf J.G. Visser - biographical data

Name: Aannemersbedrijf J.G. Visser
address: Leeuwarden
Period: 1991 - 1991
Period: geen


Aannemersbedrijf Koning - biographical data

Name: Aannemersbedrijf Koning
address: Stadskanaal
Period: 1977 - 1977
Period: geen


Aannemings- en bouwbedrijf P.J. Roos - biographical data

Name: Aannemings- en bouwbedrijf P.J. Roos
Name: Aannemings- en Bouwbedrijf Roos
address: Rotterdam
Period: 1971 - 1971
Period: geen


Aannemingsbedrijf G.W. Geelen b.v. - biographical data

Name: Aannemingsbedrijf G.W. Geelen b.v.
address: Vleuten
Period: 1992 - 1992
Period: geen


AAP - biographical data

Name: AAP
Name: Aap
address: Hoorn
Period: 1999 - 1999
Period: geen


AAP - biographical data

Name: AAP
address: Maastricht
Period: 1979 - 1982
Period: geen


AAP - biographical data

Name: AAP
address: Arnhem
Period: 1983 - 1984
Period: geen


Aardappelwereld - biographical data

Name: Aardappelwereld
Name: Aardappelwereld BV
address: Den Haag
Period: 1994 - 1996
Period: geen


Aardbol De - biographical data

Name: Aardbol, De
address: Amsterdam
address: Rotterdam
Period: 1908 fl.
Period:


Aardenberg, Johannes van - biographical data

Name: Aardenberg, Johannes van
address: Amsterdam 1697-1699


Aardenberg, Johannes van - biographical data

Name: Aardenberg, Johannes van
address: Amsterdam 1697-1699


Aardenhout, Johannes - biographical data

Name: Aardenhout, Johannes
address: Rotterdam 1774-1781
address: Vlaardingen 1780


Aarde-Werk - biographical data

Name: Aarde-Werk
address: Den Haag
Period: 1996 - 1998
Period: geen


Aards Paradijs - biographical data

Name: Aards Paradijs
address: Barger-Compascuum
Period: 1995 - 1995
Period: geen


Aardschok - biographical data

Name: Aardschok
address: Son
Period: 1993 - 1993
Period: geen


Aarinksen, A. - biographical data

Name: Aarinksen, A.
address: Amsterdam
Period: 1856-1860


Aarinksen, J. - biographical data

Name: Aarinksen, J.
address: Amsterdam
Period: 1850-1852


Aarinksen, J. - biographical data

Name: Aarinksen, J.
address: Amsterdam
Period: 1804 - 1851


Aarinksen, Wed. J. - biographical data

Name: Aarinksen, Wed. J.
address: Amsterdam
Period: 1853-1855


Aarnhem J. A. van Wed. - biographical data

Name: Aarnhem, J. A. van
Name: Aarnhem, J. van
address: Jutphaas
Period: 1937-1958


Aarnhem J. van - biographical data

Name: Aarnhem, J. van
Name: Aarnhem, J. A. van
address: Jutphaas
Period: 1925-1937


Aarnink, L. - biographical data

Name: Aarnink, L.
address: Vaassen
Period: 1855-1879


Aarninks - biographical data

Name: Aarninks
address: Loenen op de Veluwe
Period: 1856-1880


Aarsen - biographical data

Name: Aarsen
address: Arnhem
Period: 1977 - 1977
Period: geen


Aarst W. H. van - biographical data

Name: Aarst, W. H. van
Name: Bijleveld, J.
Name: Co”peratieve Utrechtse Boekcentrale


Aart de Jong - biographical data

Name: Aart de Jong
address: Leiden
Period: 1993 - 1993
Period: geen


Aart de Jong - biographical data

Name: Aart de Jong
address: Voorschoten
Period: 1999 - 1999
Period: geen


Aart Huisman-Stichting - biographical data

Name: Aart Huisman-Stichting
address: Utrecht
Period: 1970 - 1970
Period: geen


Aarts & Co. v/h - biographical data

Name: Aarts & Co.
Name: Savelkouls, B. J.
Name: Carlier, E. S.
Name: Carlier, B. J.
Name: Carlier, P. H. B.
Name: Carlier, B. S. M.
address: Tilburg
address: Eindhoven
address: Maastricht
address: Geleen
Period: 1960-....
Period: 1960-1980
Period: 1960-1967
Period: 1961-1981


Aarts & Co. - biographical data

Name: Aarts & Co.
Name: Carlier, H. B.
address: Groningen
Period: ....-1934


Aarts, A. - biographical data

Name: Aarts, A.
address: Rozendaal (Gelderland)
Period: 1863-1880


Aarts C. J. - biographical data

Name: Aarts, C. J.
Name: Aarts' Antiquariaat & Uitgeverij, C. J.
address: Amsterdam
Period: ....-....?


Aarts P. J. G. - biographical data

Name: Aarts, P. J. G.
Name: Spectrum, Het


Aarts Productions - biographical data

Name: Aarts Productions
address: Harderwijk
Period: 1996 - 1996
Period: geen


Aartsbisdom - biographical data

Name: Aartsbisdom
address: Utrecht
Period: 1935 - 1986
Period: geen


Aartsbisdom Utrecht - biographical data

Name: Aartsbisdom Utrecht
address: Utrecht
Period: 1925 - 1999
Period: 19XX


Aartsbisdom Utrecht. Dienst Publiciteit - biographical data

Name: Aartsbisdom Utrecht. Dienst Publiciteit
address: Utrecht
Period: 1988 - 1988
Period: geen


Aartsbisdom Utrecht, Pastorale Dienstverlening - biographical data

Name: Aartsbisdom Utrecht, Pastorale Dienstverlening
address: Zeist
Period: 1999 - 1999
Period: geen


Aartsbisschoppelijk Museum - biographical data

Name: Aartsbisschoppelijk Museum
address: Utrecht
Period: 1924 - 1971
Period: geen


Aartsbroederschap der Heilige Familie - biographical data

Name: Aartsbroederschap der Heilige Familie
Name: Aartsbroederschap der H. Familie
address: 's-Hertogenbosch
Period: 1933 - 1946
Period: geen


Aartsbroederschap van Onze Lieve Vrouw van het H. hart - biographical data

Name: Aartsbroederschap van Onze Lieve Vrouw van het H. hart
Name: Aartsbroederschap
Name: Aartsbroederschap Onze Lieve Vrouw van het H.Hart
Name: Aartsbroederschap van O.L. Vrouw van het H. Hart
address: Sittard
Period: 1886 - 1991
Period: geen


Aartsdiocesane Bond voor de werknemden Middenstand - biographical data

Name: Aartsdiocesane Bond voor de werknemden Middenstand
address: Arnhem
Period: 1952 - 1952
Period: geen


Aartsdiocesane Raad van Overleg - biographical data

Name: Aartsdiocesane Raad van Overleg
address: Utrecht
Period: 1947 - 1947
Period: geen


Aartsdiocesane R.K. Boeren- en Tuindersbond - biographical data

Name: Aartsdiocesane R.K. Boeren- en Tuindersbond
address: Arnhem
Period: 1953 - 1953
Period: geen


Aartselaar - biographical data

Name: Aartselaar
address: Harderwijk
Period: 1983 - 1983
Period: geen


Aartsen - biographical data

Name: Aartsen
address: Assendelft
Period: 1973 - 1973
Period: geen


Aartsen J. - biographical data

Name: Aartsen, J.
Name: Swarte, H.
address: Rotterdam
Period: 1925-1992


Images about Aa*


A. ter Gunne, "Vlugtige gedachten over den Nederlandschen boekhandel" (Casual thoughts on the Dutch book trade), Deventer, 1846